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Silk Knowledge

Silk Weight:

Because silk is such a fine fabric, it is generally measured by “momme weight” or "GSM weight" instead of thread count.
Momme (pronounced “mummy”) is a unit of weight usually expressed in (mm) used to measure and describe silk fabrics. 1 mm=4.3g per square meter. Higher momme means heavier fabric and the price will be more expensive.
GSM refers to grams per square meter of fabric. It is the major computation unit for knit silk fabric texture. With higher GSM, the fabric is thicker in texture and of higher value due to the higher content of silk per square meter.

Washing Instructions:

Silk usually does not shrink like cotton. The dark and the light-colored silk clothing should be washed separately .The silk clothes with sweat should be washed or soaked with water immediately , and avoid to the use of hot water above 30 degrees. Requests for special washing detergent, No alkaline detergent, soap, detergent or other detergent. Do not use disinfectant .
Hand Wash: The preferred method is hand laundered in lukewarm water with mild soap or detergent using a gentle hand movement. Do not soak too long. Rinse in cool water, in the last rinse water, you can add several drops of vinegar, which is helpful to keep the vivid color of the silk. Roll silk in a towel to remove excess water. Never wring water from silk.
Machine Wash: Only applicable to the item with permission in the care guidelines. Wash in cold water with mild detergent, no bleach, on a gentle cycle. Wash silk separate from other items and do not overload washer to avoid any unnecessary wear to the fabric. Silk dries quickly. Tumble dry on very low heat only if necessary.
Dry Clean: Comforters are dry clean only.
Ironing : Silk has a resistance to creasing or wrinkling, most will smooth out naturally. If ironing should become necessary, press the damp silk on the reverse side with an iron set on low. Silk charmeuse (satin) requires a cool iron to bring back sheen.

About Chinese Silk:

It is well known that silk was first discovered in China and has proven to be one of the best materials for clothing - it has a look and feeling of richness that no other material can match. Lightweight and beautiful, silk clothing is both cool during hot weather and warm in cold weather. However, no one knows precisely when or where or how it was discovered.

Chinese legend places the discovery of silk back in 3000 BCE when the Yellow Emperor, Huang Di, came into power. His wife, Lady Hsi-Ling-Shih, is known as the Goddess of Silk and is credited with introducing silkworm rearing and inventing the loom. At first, silk was reserved exclusively for the royal family and those in the country's highest positions, but eventually its use spread to all the classes and became integral to the Chinese economy. To protect this valuable commodity though, the technique and process of silk production was a closely guarded secret; revealing these secrets and smuggling silkworms or their cocoons out of the country were crimes punishable by death. In this way, the incredible secret of silk culture (formally known as sericulture) was protected for over 2000 years.

The business of raising silkworms and unwinding cocoons has been carefully developed over the centuries. Closely regulated temperatures allow the eggs, no larger than pinpricks, to hatch. The newly-hatched silkworms are then regularly fed a diet of freshly-picked mulberry leaves. Within 25-28 days, the silkworms will have gained up to 10 000 times their original weight, whereupon they are ready to begin spinning their cocoons. At this point, those tending them, once exclusively women, carefully transfer them to piles of straw, where the silkworms spend three to four days creating puffy, white cocoons around themselves.

After eight to nine days of storing the cocoons in a warm and dry area, the cocoons are ready to be unwound. First, they are heated to kill the worms inside (the pupae). It is important to do this before the pupae begin to turn into moths, which would ruin the cocoons. Then, each cocoon is dipped in hot water to loosen the tight weave, and the filament, usually 600-1000 meters long (!), is unwound onto a spool. These extremely thin filaments are twisted together to form threads of silk.

This delicate yet durable raw silk is then dyed and ready for use. One man's tie requires around 110 cocoons, and the fabric of a silk shirt typically takes 650 silk cocoons to create.

Thousands of years have passed since China first discovered silkworms. Though man-made fibers have replaced silk for some uses, world silk production has nevertheless almost doubled within the last 30 years. Regardless of new developments in synthetic fabrics, no one has forgotten that silk was, still is, and will always be a priceless treasure.